Comparison of Phosphorescent Pt(II) Complexes with C^N^N vs N^N^N Chelators and Caffeine-Based NHC-co-ligands†

Kirse, T. M.; Lüke, J.; Maisuls, I.; Hepp, A.; Strassert, C. A.

Research article (journal)


In this work, we explored coordination compounds featuring caffeine-based carbene co-ligands and tridentate dianionic pincer luminophores derived from 2,6-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)pyridine (N), as well as from 2-phenyl-6-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)pyridine (C), bearing either Ad (adamantyl) or tBu (tertiary butyl) substituents. The new 2-phenyl-6-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)pyridine-based ligand precursors along with four Pt(II) complexes, namely Pt(C-tBu), Pt(C-Ad), Pt(N-tBu) and Pt(N-Ad) were characterized. Further on, the influence of the different substituents at the chelating luminophores and of the caffeine-based NHC-co-ligand on the photophysical properties (including photoluminescence quantum yields (ΦL), excited-state lifetimes (τ), radiative (kr), and non-radiative (knr) deactivation rate constants) was assessed in fluid solutions at room temperature (RT) and in frozen glassy matrices at 77 K. All four luminophores perform equivalently well within the experimental uncertainty. In deoxygenated fluid solutions at RT, photoluminescence quantum yields reaching up to 24 ± 2% and excited-state lifetimes of around 12 μs were found. The generally long excited-state lifetimes and only minor blue shift upon cooling to 77 K along with mostly well-resolved vibrational progressions point to metal-perturbed ligand-centered excited states. Notably, the yield of the complexation reaction in case of Pt(C-tBu) and Pt(C-Ad) was almost two times higher compared to Pt(N-tBu) and Pt(N-Ad). Cyclometallation is not an essential feature to achieve high photoluminescence quantum yields, but it can improve the synthetic efficiency. In summary, it can be observed that coordination chemical concepts based on natural products can lead to stable phosphorescent species with interesting excited-state properties.

Details zur Publikation

Release year: 2023
Publishing company: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Language in which the publication is writtenEnglish
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