Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Level 1 Test for Estimation of Peak Oxygen Uptake: Use Without Restriction?

Schmitz B, Pfeifer C, Thorwesten L, Krüger M, Klose A, Brand SM

Research article (journal)


Purpose: This study analyzed the physiological response during Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Level 1 (YYIR1) test and re-test by in-field ergospirometry and time-series analyses of respiratory parameters. Methods: Ten moderately trained males (23.4 ± 2.01 years, VO2peak= 56.81 ± 10.75 mL·kg−1·min−1) completed three running trials including two separate YYIR1 tests and an independent maximal performance running test with time-series analyses of gas exchange parameters. Physiological response was assessed during all tests by determination of blood lactate levels (including calculation of individual lactate threshold), heart rate, oxygen consumption and respiratory exchange ratio (RER). Results: Modeling of YYIR1 test mean VO2 uptake kinetics over all participants revealed that VO2 increased rapidly after the individual lactate threshold (11.49 ± 0.66 km∙h−1 at 3.83 ± 0.42 mmol∙L−1) was reached with ~95% VO2peak at ~50% of the test duration (test, VO250%= 95.17 ± 8.74% of VO2peak; re-test, VO250%= 96.78 ± 7.04% of VO2peak). However, and despite identical YYIR1 test performance (1568 ± 364.6 m vs. 1568 ± 449.7 m, CV = 4.59%), mean VO2peak during YYIR1 test was 8.81 ± 5.6% higher than YYIR1 re-test (p = .027). Importantly, correlation of VO2peak with YYIR1 test performance was weak (R2 = 0.28, p = .115). Conclusions: We conclude that the YYIR1 test should not be used to estimate VO2peak. Further studies on direct determination of gas exchange parameters during different YYI test variants are warranted.

Details zur Publikation

Release year: 2020
Language in which the publication is writtenEnglish
Link to the full text: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02701367.2019.1684432